Saturday, December 17, 2011

Singular & Plural Notes


We form plural nouns by adding - s
          



Singular

Plural

a book

two cups

    one dog

three dogs

the window

the windows

a pen

some pens
 

We form some plural nouns differently:




              Singular

Plural

man

men

child

children

foot

feet

tooth

teeth

mouse

mice

woman

             women
 
We form some plural nouns by adding -es.


 Singular  Plural
 bus  buses
 watch watches
 box boxes
 potato potatoes
 wish wishes
 

We form some plural nouns by adding - ies  


 Singular  Plural
lorry lorries
city cities
family families
country countries
 
We form some plural nouns by adding - ves  


 Singular  Plural
 wife wives
 knife knives
 wolf wolves
        

Singular & Plural Nouns

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Mind Your Language


Unbound Papers


Subject And Object Pronouns


bulletPronouns are used to replace nouns.

 nouns  pronouns
   Tom/  Mr Lee  /   my brother
  he
 Susan  /    the girl
  she
 the cat   the apple
  it
 Susan and I
  we
 Tom and Peter /  the cats / the apples
  they
 
bulletHere are the subject and object pronouns:
 SubjectObject
Singular I you
 he
 she
 it
  me you
 him
 her
 it
Pluralwe you theyus you them
 
     Examples
bullet   He is Peter
bullet   It is a bird.
bullet   This is his cat. The cat belongs to him.
bullet   That is their car.  It belongs to them.
bullet   My friends and I are hungry.  We are going to eat now.
  
Possessive Adjectives ( my, your)
 
PronounsPossessive Adjectives
Imy
Youyour
Hehis
Sheher
Itits
Weour
Theytheir
bulletWe use my, your etc. with nouns 
           e.g. my hands       his pen       their house
bullet   Examples :
              Peter and his sister are playing.
              I have a plum. This is my plum.
              What is your mother's name? Her name is Mary.
              They were cleaning their rooms.              
 
Possessive Pronouns ( mine, yours) 
 
PronounsPossessive AdjectivesPossessive Pronouns
Imymine
Youyouryours
Hehishis
Sheherhers
Ititsits
Weourours
Theytheirtheirs
bulletWe use mine/ yours etc. instead for my book, your pencil etc.
           e.g. My pencil is on the desk. Where is yours?  (yours your pencil)
                  This is my pen. It's mine.  (mine = my pen)
bulletWe use possessive pronouns in comparative sentences.
          e.g. Our cat is smaller than theirs.  (theirs their cat)
                 Your house is bigger than his.  (his = his house
 
Reflexive  Pronouns 
Look at this table :
Subject PronounsObject  PronounsReflexive Pronouns
Imemyself
Youyouyourself
Hehimhimself
Sheherherself
Itititself
Weusourselves
Theythemtheirselves
 
bulletWe use myself, yourself etc. to refer to the subject.
bulletWe also use them to show that the subject did the action, not another person.
bullete.g  I bought myself a beautiful dres
               I saw myself in the mirror.
               He did the homework himself  
 

Learn the Alphabets Video for Kids

Indefinite Article ( A, An)


"A" is used for nouns that begin with a consonant sound.  
 e.g.  a pen;   a dog;    a bus;    a man;    a lion   
                     

"An" is used for nouns that begin with a vowel sound /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/,/u/.                                                                                                  e.g.   an apple;   an orange;   an umbrella                               

N.B. We also use 'an' before words that begin with a silent h.                
e.g. an hour;    an honest man
"A", "An" are used :

bullet
To describe a singular noun

         e.g. I have a pencil and a rubber in my school bag.



bullet
To talk about a person or thing for the first time

         e.g. An elephant and a mouse are friends.

               Would you like a hamburger?



bullet
To talk about jobs

        e.g. I'm a teacher.



bullet
Before hundred, thousand, million

       e.g. hundred people

             a million dollars   



N.B. We don't use 'a' or 'an' before a plural noun or an uncountable noun.

        e.g. We like dogs.
               I drink water.

Verb To 'Do' (Do, Does & Did)




bullet
'Do', 'Does', 'Did' are the three forms of the verb 'to do'.
bullet
They are used to form questions. 





  Do   I  /  you  /  we  /  they  verb  ..... ?
   Does  he  /  she  /  it

bulletThey are also used to give short answers. 
       Examples
       1. Does she like ice cream?
          Yes, she does.
       2. Do you like ice cream?
          Yes, I do.        
   

bulletThey are also used  to form sentences with 'not'.





  I  /  You  /  We  /  They  do  not  verb   .....
  He  /  She  /  It  does  not
 

bulletWith past simple verbs, 'Did' is used to form questions. 





  Did  I  /  you  /  we  /  they he  /  she  /  it  verb..... ?
     

bulletWith past simple verbs, 'Did' is used to form sentences with 'not'. 





  I  /  You  /  We  /  They  He  /  She  /  It  did  not    verb   .....
         Example : Did he go to school yesterday?
                      No, he did not go to school yesterday.
 

Verb to be (Has & Have)


 
 Have/ Has



I

You      +     Have
We

They

He
She      +       Has

It
 
Examples

bulletI have a cat.
bulletShe has long hair.
bulletDo you have any brothers?
bulletWe have a big school.
bulletMary has a red dress.
 

Verb To Be




Am/ Is/ Are       

                      

  I  
+  am

You, We, They 
+
are
  He, She, It
+
is

 

Examples 

bulletI am a boy.
bulletAm I a girl?
bulletYou are my friend.
bulletAre you Bobo?
bulletHe is Peter.
bulletIs she a teacher?
bulletIt is a dog.

Thursday, December 1, 2011

QUESTION WORDS??



What 
           We use 'What' to ask about actions and things.              





e.g.  What are you doing?  I am doing my homework.
e.g.  What is it?  It is a dog.
       

Who
         We use 'Who' when we ask about people.





e.g.  Who is playing?  John is  playing.
e.g.  Who lives with you?  My mother lives with me.
 

  • Whose
       We also use 'Whose" when we ask about possession. It must be
        placed before a noun.





e.g. Whose tie is it?   It is John's.
e.g. Whose book is this?   It belongs to Mary.
 

  • Where
          We use 'Where' to ask about places.





e.g. Where  is  Peter?   He is at home.
e.g. Where are you going?   I am going to the Ocean Park.
 

  • When
         We use 'When' to ask about times and dates.





e.g. When do you wake up?  I wake up at seven o'clock.
e.g. When is your birthday?  It's on 6th of January.
 

  • How 
       We use 'How' to ask "in what way".





e.g. How are you?   Fine, thank you.
e.g. How do you come to school?   I come to school on foot.
 

  • Why
       We use 'Why' to ask about the reason for something.





e.g. Why is Mary late?   Because she missed the bus.
e.g. Why is John crying?   Because he lost his school bag.
 

  • How old
         We use ' How old' to ask about someone's age.





e.g.  How old is your sister?   She is nine years old.
 


  • How many
      We use 'How many' with a plural noun to ask about numbers.





e.g. How many pupils are there?   There are thirty pupils..
e.g. How many apples did you buy?   I bought ten apples.
 

  • How much
       We use 'How much' to ask about the price of something.
       We also use 'How much' with an uncountable noun to ask about the
        amount of  something.





e.g. How much is it?   It is twenty dollars.
e.g. How much milk is there in the fridge?  There is one bottle of milk.
 

  • How long
       We use 'How long' to ask about measurement.
       We also use 'How long' to ask about the length of time.





e.g. How long is the ruler?  It's 20cm long.
e.g. How long do you take to go to school?   It takes 10 minutes.
 

  • How far
       We use 'How far' to ask about the distance from one place to another.





e.g.  How far is it from home to school?  It's about 2 km.
e.g.  How far is Japan from Hong Kong?  It's about 1300km.
 

  • How often
      We use 'How often' to ask about the number of times something
      happens.      





e.g.  How often do you play piano?   I play piano three times a week.
e.g.  How often does Peter watch films?   He sometimes watches films.