Saturday, December 17, 2011
|We form plural nouns by adding - s :|
|We form some plural nouns differently:|
|We form some plural nouns by adding -es.|
|We form some plural
nouns by adding - ies
|We form some plural
nouns by adding - ves
Friday, December 16, 2011
Tuesday, December 13, 2011
|Pronouns are used to replace nouns.|
Tom/ Mr Lee / my brother
Susan / the girl
the cat the apple
Susan and I
Tom and Peter / the cats / the apples
|Here are the subject and object pronouns:|
|Singular|| I you|
| me you|
|Plural||we you they||us you them|
|He is Peter.|
|It is a bird.|
|This is his cat. The cat belongs to him.|
|That is their car. It belongs to them.|
|My friends and I are hungry. We are going to eat now.|
|We use my, your etc. with nouns|
I have a plum. This is my plum.
What is your mother's name? Her name is Mary.
They were cleaning their rooms.
|Pronouns||Possessive Adjectives||Possessive Pronouns|
|We use mine/ yours etc. instead for my book, your pencil etc.|
This is my pen. It's mine. (mine = my pen)
|We use possessive pronouns in comparative sentences.|
Your house is bigger than his. (his = his house)
Look at this table :
|Subject Pronouns||Object Pronouns||Reflexive Pronouns|
|We use myself, yourself etc. to refer to the subject.|
|We also use them to show that the subject did the action, not another person.|
|e.g I bought myself a beautiful dres|
He did the homework himself
"A" is used for nouns that begin with a consonant sound.
e.g. a pen; a dog; a bus; a man; a lion
"An" is used for nouns that begin with a vowel sound /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/,/u/. e.g. an apple; an orange; an umbrella
N.B. We also use 'an' before words that begin with a silent h.
e.g. an hour; an honest man
"A", "An" are used :
e.g. I have a pencil and a rubber in my school bag.
e.g. An elephant and a mouse are friends.
Would you like a hamburger?
e.g. I'm a teacher.
e.g. a hundred people
a million dollars
N.B. We don't use 'a' or 'an' before a plural noun or an uncountable noun.
e.g. We like dogs.
I drink water.
'Do', 'Does', 'Did' are the three forms of the verb 'to do'.
They are used to form questions.
|Do||I / you / we / they||verb||..... ?|
|Does||he / she / it|
|They are also used to give short answers.|
1. Does she like ice cream?
Yes, she does.
2. Do you like ice cream?
Yes, I do.
|They are also used to form sentences with 'not'.|
|I / You / We / They||do not||verb||.....|
|He / She / It||does not|
|With past simple verbs, 'Did' is used to form questions.|
|Did||I / you / we / they he / she / it||verb||..... ?|
|With past simple verbs, 'Did' is used to form sentences with 'not'.|
|I / You / We / They He / She / It||did not||verb||.....|
No, he did not go to school yesterday.
Monday, December 12, 2011
Thursday, December 1, 2011
|e.g. What are you doing?||I am doing my homework.|
|e.g. What is it?||It is a dog.|
|e.g. Who is playing?||John is playing.|
|e.g. Who lives with you?||My mother lives with me.|
placed before a noun.
|e.g. Whose tie is it?||It is John's.|
|e.g. Whose book is this?||It belongs to Mary.|
|e.g. Where is Peter?||He is at home.|
|e.g. Where are you going?||I am going to the Ocean Park.|
|e.g. When do you wake up?||I wake up at seven o'clock.|
|e.g. When is your birthday?||It's on 6th of January.|
|e.g. How are you?||Fine, thank you.|
|e.g. How do you come to school?||I come to school on foot.|
|e.g. Why is Mary late?||Because she missed the bus.|
|e.g. Why is John crying?||Because he lost his school bag.|
|e.g. How old is your sister?||She is nine years old.|
|e.g. How many pupils are there?||There are thirty pupils..|
|e.g. How many apples did you buy?||I bought ten apples.|
We also use 'How much' with an uncountable noun to ask about the
amount of something.
|e.g. How much is it?||It is twenty dollars.|
|e.g. How much milk is there in the fridge?||There is one bottle of milk.|
We also use 'How long' to ask about the length of time.
|e.g. How long is the ruler?||It's 20cm long.|
|e.g. How long do you take to go to school?||It takes 10 minutes.|
|e.g. How far is it from home to school?||It's about 2 km.|
|e.g. How far is Japan from Hong Kong?||It's about 1300km.|
|e.g. How often do you play piano?||I play piano three times a week.|
|e.g. How often does Peter watch films?||He sometimes watches films.|